Debt Ratios for Home Lending

Lenders use a ratio called "debt to income" to decide your maximum monthly payment after you have paid your other recurring debts.

About your qualifying ratio

Usually, underwriting for conventional loans requires a qualifying ratio of 28/36. An FHA loan will usually allow for a higher debt load, reflected in a higher (29/41) qualifying ratio.

In these ratios, the first number is how much (by percent) of your gross monthly income that can go toward housing costs. This ratio is figured on your total payment, including homeowners' insurance, HOA dues, Private Mortgage Insurance - everything.

The second number in the ratio is the maximum percentage of your gross monthly income that can be applied to housing costs and recurring debt. For purposes of this ratio, debt includes payments on credit cards, auto/boat loans, child support, and the like.

Some example data:

28/36 (Conventional)

  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .28 = $756 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .36 = $972 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

With a 29/41 (FHA) qualifying ratio

  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .29 = $783 can be applied to housing
  • Gross monthly income of $2,700 x .41 = $1,107 can be applied to recurring debt plus housing expenses

If you'd like to run your own numbers, feel free to use our very useful Loan Qualification Calculator.

Guidelines Only

Remember these ratios are only guidelines. We'd be happy to help you pre-qualify to determine how much you can afford.

Abbey Mortgage can walk you through the pitfalls of getting a mortgage. Call us: 352-369-4200.

Got a Question?

Do you have a question? We can help. Simply fill out the form below and we'll contact you with the answer, with no obligation to you. We guarantee your privacy.

Your Information
Your Question